The 1-3-1 Framework Strategy to Problem Solving & Decision Making

“Because there are three classes of intellects: one which comprehends by itself; another which appreciates what others comprehend; and a third which neither comprehends by itself nor by the showing of others; the first is the most excellent, the second is good, the third is useless.”
― Niccolò Machiavelli, The Prince

I think in small structured steps or frameworks when problem-solving. 

The 1-3-1 framework is one of my favourite strategies for problem-solving and decision-making. 

It's a simple way to break down challenges and arrive at solutions. 

  1. Identifying the problem
  2. Brainstorm 3 possible solutions
  3. Then, implement the best solution

Here is an example...


Low student grade assessment practices in reading comprehension multiple-choice question tests among teachers within the same department. 

Teachers should prioritize improving student reading comprehension strategies instead of solely focusing on preparing them for the diploma test.

Proposed Solutions:

  1. Authentic Assessment Tasks: As a department, design authentic assessment tasks such as reading journals, book reviews, or oral presentations that require students to demonstrate their understanding of reading comprehension skills in real-world contexts.
  2. Performance-Based Assessments: Develop performance-based assessments such as literature circles, Socratic seminars, or debates where students engage in meaningful discussions and analysis of texts to assess their comprehension skills.
  3. Portfolio Assessment: This is a portfolio assessment method in which students compile evidence of their reading comprehension abilities over time, including written reflections, annotations, increased vocabulary understanding, and samples of their work.


Consider using authentic assessment tasks instead of relying solely on multiple-choice tests. Authentic assessments allow for a more comprehensive evaluation of students' reading comprehension abilities as they require them to apply their skills in real-world contexts. Authentic assessments promote deeper engagement with the material and encourage critical thinking and analysis, ultimately leading to more accurate and meaningful assessment practices within the department.

More from Numerous Narratives
All posts